How Can Providers and Leaders Make it Happen?

We do not wish to specify a causal link between any one process and outcome. There is not the evidence to support that kind of concrete claim, and in any case, learning outcomes across expeditions are highly specific and individualised. Certain causal relationships might seem to make intuitive sense (i.e. the process of physically demanding activity is linked to the outcome of increased resilience).

It is not our intention to speculate on a set formula for a 'successful' expedition. Rather we hope to establish general patterns of design and execution which can help providers to implement successful expeditions.